Dental Cavities: Treatment Methods


Have you ever been falling back on your dental check-ups and start to detect stains on your teeth and moderate pain? You most likely have developed dental caries, which left untreated can cause severe damage to your teeth. The earlier you go to your dentist the greater the odds of saving yourself a good deal of unnecessary pain and distress.

Dental hygiene practices usually figure out how to keep your teeth healthy. But there isn’t any harm in visiting your dentist at regular intervals. Normally these casual check-ups show the beginning phases of dental caries and can be fixed with a simple filling. But if you don’t take care of the caries at this early stage, you might need more complex processes that will need several sessions.

A dental cavity is formed when the acid produced by the bacteria inside dental plaque begins eating through the hard tooth enamel and reaches the softer portion below the tooth called’dentin’. When the dentin is infected, there’s a prospect of forming an abscess, which can only be treated using a root canal procedure or the tooth might need to be extracted.

There are three broad techniques of treating dental cavities based on the severity.

  1. Filling
  2. Filling and placing a crown
  3. Root Canal Therapy

If the tooth is just slightly stained with white or black spots, the dentist would elect to wash it thoroughly with a dental hand-piece then fill the cavity with an extremely soft and pliable filling substance. The filling is spread out evenly to cover the problem regions of the tooth and then a curing light is shone on it to harden the material. Within 20 to 30 seconds, the light reacts with the filling material and makes it quite hard.

If there’s enough damage to the tooth and big metallic fillings had to be employed to save the tooth, then the dentist would counsel a crown. For this, the tooth will be ready and shaped to have the ability to take a crown. Then an impression is required to construct a model of the tooth where the crown is going to be made.

A crown could be made entirely of metal or entirely of ceramic, and sometimes a combination of both metal and ceramic. When the crown is about to be put, the dentist uses dental cement to fix it on the prepared tooth. The final result is a tooth that feels and looks just like your natural tooth!

Even though the term’root canal treatment’ brings up horrifying images of exercises and loud noises, it’s truly a very gentle means of cleaning the canal as well as the individual is sufficiently anaesthetised through the process. The germs in the canal is cleaned out with sequential files and then full of a bio-inert substance to protect the tooth from fracture. Additional support is provided with a glass fiber pin to provide support to the crown which will be put on the tooth.

With all the advances in dental technology, dentists have the ability to impact tooth rescue operations effortlessly. It’s only in rare instances, where the enamel has been completely ignored that it is extracted. Go ahead and make that dreaded visit to the dentist, it might not be a painful decision after all!

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